The History of Horse Racing in China & Hong Kong

 

                            赛马的历史在中国

 

                   

SHANGHAI 1850..

                         A few British merchants with a passion for horse racing elected themselves and formed the Shanghai Race Club in 1850,being 730mtrs and situated at Nanjing Rd and Middle Rd. Which is now the wonderful space called Peoples Park and is the location for the Shanghai Racing Museum.These gentlemen of the turf, W.Hogg. T.Gibb. W.W.Pakin & E.Webb ran the inaugural race meeting there in 1851.

 

 

 By the 1940,s Rich Industrialists and self made millionaires rode there own horse in races. They often had English horse trainers and Indian "Mahoots" as horse grooms and stable boys. This was a time when large prize money was available and excess was evident in the racing industry and was looked upon as a decadant pastime by the Central Government during those years,prior to being banned alltogether in 1949.

As can be seen by this map of all race tracks in Mainland China pre 1950,that at the height of its popularity with mainstream Chinese people, there were many race tracks. Racing and in particular Gambling, was a much loved pastime for the local people up until it was totally banned.

Today there is only a handfull of tracks in China that are actively racing,with several Chinese and International Investment companies with plans to add many more.

 Todays modern Logo of the Shanghai Race Club which is active in China's ever evolving horse racing industry. The Shanghai Race Club is an exclusive members only club with magnificent facilities at their modern club house in Shanghai.

Shanghai Race Track,the Grand Stand 

and Clock Tower. Race Track to the left is now the beautiful Peoples Park Shanghai.

 Flemington Race Course Australia first conducted a race meeting in 1856 and have since had a long history as one of the best race courses in the world. Home of the world famous Melbourne Cup a day the state of Victoria celebrates the day with a public Holiday.

 

弗莱明顿赛马场澳大利亚第一次赛马1856和已有很长的历史,最好的一个马场的世界中。 主页包含了世界上著名的墨尔本杯的日子庆祝维多利亚州的一天,一个假期。

 

上海1850。

一些英国商人,一个热情的赛马,形成了自己当选的上海赛事俱乐部在1850,即730米,坐落在南京路和中路,是现在的美妙空间称为人民公园的位置,是上海赛马博物馆。这些先生们的草地,W.霍格。 T.布合伙。 W.W.韦伯pakin和E.运行会议的开幕赛中有1851。

 

由1940、S富工业家和自制百万富翁有自己的马骑着马在比赛。 他们往往是英文练马师和印度“mahoots”木马猎人和稳定男孩。 这是一个很大时奖金也可用和多余的,很明显地体现在赛车行业,被视为一种消遣decadant由中央政府在这些年里,被禁止前alltogether1949中。

 

我们可以看到,这张地图的所有比赛曲目前在中国内地1950,在它的普及程度高,与中国主流人,还有许多比赛曲目。 赛事,特别是赌博,是很受欢迎的一个消遣的地方,使其被完全禁止。

如今只有一个群都在中国的曲目,都是积极地赛事,有几个中国和国际投资公司计划增加更多。

 

 

今天的现代徽标的上海赛事的俱乐部,是在中国的不断发展赛马业。 上海赛事俱乐部是一个专属会员俱乐部,有华丽的设施在其现代俱乐部在上海。

 

上海赛车场,大支架和

钟塔。 赛道左侧是现在人民公园美丽的上海。

 

赛马在一个窗体或另一个一直是一个中国文化的一部分,几千年。 赛马是一项流行的消遣活动,至少在贵族家庭的周王朝,公元前4世纪的天戟一般的strategem赛马或许依然是最著名的赛马故事在这一时期。 在18和19世纪,赛马和马术运动在中国是蒙古人的影响占主导地位。

 

纯种赛马来到中国,与英国住区的中间1800S和最主要是围绕条约端口,其中包括两个主要种族课程在上海,上海的国际赛马场和游乐场(江-WAN)和天津的马场。 在江湾马场中被摧毁的第二次中日战争、种族的上海俱乐部在1954。 原上海马场现在人民广场和人民公园和前俱乐部是上海美术馆。

 

赛马被禁止在中国1945,和人民共和国的中国保持了1949后禁止,但津贴作了对少数族裔的人民运动是马人的文化传统。 速度赛马(速度赛马)是一个事件的国家游戏中的人民共和国的中国,主要是介绍了照顾少数的人民,例如蒙古。 马场最初是5公里,但从2005(10国家游戏)都延长到12公里,再种族导致人员死伤和马匹参加两个2005和11届运动会在2009。 另外,在进入这项运动的汉族省份,如湖北,这是更好的资助和西方,而不是传统、培育和培训技术,意味着原来的目的,促进传统赛马一样的团体的蒙古族的危险被篡夺。 在2009全国城市运动会、湖北赢得了金牌和银牌,内蒙古赢得铜牌。 由于这些因素,这一事件的12废除的国家游戏在2013。

Shar Tin Racecourse 1976 the road in and reclamation work finnished,grand stand and amenities a work in progress.

 

                                                                                     shartin马场地球工程已完成大支架和跟踪,1976

Hong Kongs worse racetrack disaster,when the Grand Stand collapsed on Derby Day 1936. The death toll reached 600 with many others injured.

 

 

香港最大的灾难,当大支架,折叠Derby天1936造成600人死亡,许多人受伤

Mongolia has a very long tradition of Horse Racing and a love of Horses unmatched in China. Here 4249 horses set of for a race over 30 miles in 2013.

 

 

软管的种族在蒙古。 4249在2013。 蒙古的一个长期传统的赛马和一个一般的爱马

Some of the magnificent trophy's presented to winning owners at the Shanghai Turf Club.These are from the 1860 to 1845 era. We think they are from the Challenge Cup and Champions Stakes.

 

一些华丽的冠军奖杯赢得业主.这些都是从1860到1845年代。 我们认为,它们是从“挑战杯和欧洲冠军联赛锦标。

 

 

The Sha Tin Racecouse and training centre as it is today, a world class facility for both horses and patrons.

 

沙田马场,今天在这里。 中国可以做在一起

 

Racing and Chinese Culture            赛车和中国文化 

赛马在一个窗体或另一个已经几千年来中国文化的一部分。赛马是贵族政府颇为流行的消遣至少由周代-公元前 4 世纪. 赛马的一般田集镇战略也许仍然赛马在这一时期最著名的故事。在 18 世纪和 19 世纪,主要是赛马及马术运动在中国的蒙古人的影响。 纯种赛马来到中国,与在十九世纪中叶英国定居点和最引人注目的是围绕通商口岸,包括两个主要的种族课程在上海,上海马场和国际游乐场 (在镜湖-湾) 和天津市马场。驷湾马场被摧毁在第二次中日战争期间,上海竞赛俱乐部关闭于 1954 年。前上海马场现在是人民广场和人民公园,上海艺术博物馆前俱乐部大楼。 赛马被禁止在 1945 年,中华民国和中华人民共和国中国 1949 年后,保持这项禁令,尽管津贴作了少数民族人民为谁马体育是一种文化传统。速度赛马 (速度赛马) 是在中国,主要介绍了以照顾少数民族,如蒙古族人民共和国全国运动会事件。马场是最初 5 公里,但从 2005 年 (第十届全国运动会) 延长到 12 公里。长的比赛导致伤亡向参与马两 2005 年,第十一届全运会于 2009 年。而且,与汉族占多数的省份如湖北体育进入,哪些更好资助,用西方的而不是传统,选育及培养技术,意味着要促进传统赛马为群体像蒙古人当时被篡夺的风险的事件的初衷。在 2009 年全国运动会,湖北与内蒙古铜牌获得者赢得了金、 银奖牌。由于这些因素,在 2013 年 12 全国运动会取消事件。 赛马俱乐部规模小又出现在上世纪 90 年代。2008 年,中国速度赛马公开赛在武汉举办了作为资格圆在全运会速度赛马事件为第二年,但也被视为由评论员赛马和赛事赌博合法化的一个步骤。武汉赛马场是组织比赛在中国唯一的赛马场。在 2014 年,武汉赛马俱乐部组织了超过 80 场比赛。骑师和中国教练几乎都稳定在武汉。然而,随着全国运动会,而政府不从商业赛车禁令有点懊悔地事件的灭亡,建于近年来的各种马场是全部处于废弃状态: 南京赛马场,以前承载全国运动会马术比赛,现在用作停车场;2008 年,北京赛马被关闭了。内蒙古赛马场在 2012 年后不积极。然而,更多的马术设施被建造在别处在中国。它还宣布在 2011 年,国际繁殖的操作,达利将发送两种马到中国来支持新兴产业。

Horse racing in one form or another has been a part of Chinese 

culture for millennia. Horse racing was a popular pastime for 

the aristocracy at least by the Zhou Dynasty - 4th century B.C. 

General Tian Ji's strategem for a horse race remains perhaps the 

best known story about horse racing in that period. In the 18th 

and 19th centuries, horse racing and equestrian sports in China 

was dominated by Mongol influences.

Thoroughbred horse racing came to China with British settlements 

in the middle 1800s and most notably centered around the treaty 

ports, including the two major race courses in Shanghai, the 

Shanghai Racecourse and the International Recreation Grounds (in 

Kiang-wan), and the racecourses of Tianjin. The Kiang-wan 

racecourse was destroyed in the lead-up to the Second Sino-

Japanese War and the Shanghai Race Club closed in 1954. The 

former Shanghai Racecourse is now People's Square and People's 

Park and the former club building was the Shanghai Art Museum.

Horse racing was banned in the Republic of China from 1945, and 

the People's Republic of China maintained the ban after 1949, 

although allowances were made for ethnic minority peoples for 

whom horse sports are a cultural tradition. Speed horse racing (

速度赛马) was an event in the National Games of the People's 

Republic of China, mainly introduced to cater for minority 

peoples, such as the Mongols. The race course was initially 5 

km, but from 2005 (the 10th National Games) was extended to 12 

km. The longer race led to deaths and injuries to participating 

horses in both 2005 and the 11th National Games in 2009. Also, 

with the entry into the sport of Han majority provinces such as 

Hubei, which are better funded and used Western, rather than 

traditional, breeding and training techniques, meant that the 

original purpose of the event to foster traditional horse racing 

for groups like the Mongols was at risk of being usurped. At the 

2009 National Games, Hubei won both the gold and silver medals, 

with Inner Mongolia winning bronze. As a result of these 

factors, the event was abolished for the 12th National Games in 

2013.

Club horse racing reappeared on a small scale in the 1990s. In 

2008, the China Speed Horse Race Open in Wuhan was organized as 

the qualification round for the speed horse race event at the 

National Games the next year, but was also seen by commentators 

as a step towards legalizing both horse racing and gambling on 

the races. The Wuhan Racecourse is the only racecourse that 

organizes races in China. In 2014, the Wuhan Jockey Club 

organized more than 80 races. Almost all Chinese trainers and 

jockeys stable in Wuhan. However, with the demise of the event 

at the National Games and the government not relenting from the 

ban on commercial racing, various racecourses built in recent 

years are all in a state of disuse: The Nanjing Racecourse, 

which previously hosted National Games equestrian events, is now 

used as a car park; the Beijing Jockey Club was shut down in 

2008. The racecourse in Inner Mongolia has not been active after 

2012. However, more equestrian facilities are being built 

elsewhere in China. It was also announced in 2011 that 

international breeding operation, Darley would send two 

stallions to China to support the emerging industry.

Shah-tin Racetrack Today    今天沙沙田赛马场

Clock Tower at Shanghai Race Club        在上海比赛俱乐部的钟塔

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Horse Racing News Award Winner 2014 & 2016.